. . / / , 2



  

2Lib.ru

 : 11650
:  . .
:     ,  2


                         ..

            .
                    (  ).

                        , 1999 .

----------------------------------------------------------------


               2.  .
              -------------------------------------


      6.    :
      ,     
                    .

       1.     ""  .
                  330 .

      1.1.       
                             .

   ,       ""
,       753   .. [19].
          509 
 .. [19].

        ,  
    83-82   ..   
   217  ..

        ,  ,
""      270  .. 
     526  ..

             
 ,    .
..6.1. .  4.   
    330 .  , 
         
 .       
       .
       .

           
 ..  [141]. ,    
     ,  
 .      
  ,  -  .  
      ,
    ,   [141].  ,
 ,       
    .  - ,    
      
 .   ,    
       ,
        .

       (.  4).    
     ,   - 
  ,   .    
   .  .  [19], .236-238.
        
 . , ,     
c(a,b),     .

         - ,  
 -       "
",       , 
 "  ".     ""
,      -
. ., ,  [162], .2, .137-138.

******************************************************************

1a.   - 4  (82-78   ..).
    1b.  (  ) - 5  (270-275  ..).
----------------------------------------------------------------

2a.  -  1  (78-77   .).
     2b.  -  1  (275-276  ..).
------------------------------------------------------------------

3a.    - 6  (79-72   ..).
    3b.  (  ) - 6  (276-282  ..).
-----------------------------------------------------------------

4a.  - 2  (72-71   ..).
    4b.  - 2  (282-284  ..).
--------------------------------------------------------------------

5a.    - 21  (70-49   ..).
    5b.   (   ) - 21
     (284-305  ..).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

6a.      ( ) - 11 
(60-49   ..).
    6b.     I  (
    ) - 12  (293-305  ..).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

7a.  - 4  (49-45   ..).
    7b.  - 4  (305-309  ..).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

8a.  ,   , - 1  (45-44  
..).
    8b.  I  (     ),
      , - 1  (305-306  ..)  13 
    (293-306  ..).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

9a.  - 17  (44-27   ..).
    9b.  - 18  (306-324  ..).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

10a.  (   ),   ,
- 41  (27   .. - 14  ..)  37  (23   .. - 14
 ..).
    10b.  I (    ),
      , - 31  (306-307  ..)  24
     (313-337  ..,  313-  -  ),  13
     (324-337  ..,  324  -  ).
-------------------------------------------------------------------

10'a.     27-   .
    10'b.     ( )  27-
      I.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

11a.  (   ) - 23  (14-17 ).
    11b.  II - 24  (337-361)  21  (340-361 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

12a.      ( ) - 13 
(6-19 ).
    12b.    II   ( )
    - 13  (337-350 ).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

13a.  (   ) - 4  (37-41 ).
    13b.  - 2  (361-363 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

14a.     (   
) -  1  (41  ..).
    14b.     (   
    ) -  1  (363  ..).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

15a.  (    ) - 13  (41-54
).
    15b.  I - 11  (364-375 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

16a. ""      "":
, ,  -   13  (41-54 ).
    16b.   I    
    "":  I, ,  - 11  (367-375
    ).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

17a.  (      
) - 14  (54-68 ).
    17b.  - 14  (364-378 ).
--------------------------------------------------------------------

18a. ""      - 8  (54-62 ).
    18b.     I   - 11 
    (364-375 ).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

19a. ""    - 11  (54-65 ).
    19b.     - 11  (367-368 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

20a.  (  ) - 1  (68-69 ).
    20b.  - 1 (363-364 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

21a.  -  1  (69  ..).
    21b.  -  1  (378  ..).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

22a.     (   ) - 12
 (69-81 ).
    22b.    II (  ) - 13 
    (379-392 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

23a.  (  ) - 15  (81-96 ).
    23b.   - 16  (379-395 ).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

24a.  (  ) - 2  (96-98 ).
    24b.  - 2  (392-394 ).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

25a.   - 2  (96-98 ).
    25b.   - 2  (392-394 ).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

26a.  (   ) - 19  (98-117 )  16 
(101-117 ).
    26b.  - 13  (395-408 ).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

27a.  (   ) - 21  (117-138 ).
    27b.  - 28  (395-423 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

28a.   (      ) -
23  (138-161 ).
    28b.  - 21  (423-444 )  14  (423-438 ).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

29a.   (       ) -
19  (161-180 ).
    29b.  III - 18  (437-455 )  11  (444-455
    ),  32  (423-455 ).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

30a.  (    ) - 16  (176-192 )
 12  (180-192 ).
    30b.  - 16  (456-472 ).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

31a.  (  ) -  1  (193 
..).
    31b.  -  1  (472  ..).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

32a.   (   ) -  1  (193 
..).
    32b.  -  1  (473-474 ).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

33a.   (   ) -  1  (193
 ..).
    33b.   -  1  (474  ..).
--------------------------------------------------------------------

34a.   (     ) - 1 (193-194
).
    34b.   - 1 (475-476 ).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

35a.   (   ) - 18  (193-211
).
    35b.  - 17  (476-493 ).
----------------------------------------------------------------------

36a.  (     ) - 24
 (193-217 )  6  (211-217 ).
    36b.   - 29  (497-526 )  33  (493-526
    ).

********************************************************************

            
 ,      
=c(a,b),      . 
=10^(-12).       3 
       
 ().

        . 
,    299 ,    - 256 .
..6.2.    43     
 ,    . ,  
     "" .  ,
,     .   
,      .  
 (8,9), (12,13), (16,17)  (19,20).    
 .     ,   
      .  "
"      .   
  ,    ,  
      
   ,   ?   
       , 
    . ,  
       
. . .6.2.   
        29 (. )
       43    .
,        .
 ,  ,   ,
  ,    
.

      . - 
""         
X-XIII  XIV-XVI .    , ""
   ,     ,
  (,  )    ,
    " ",  
          .
    ,  ,    
.

     ,      , 
 ,      . 
,        :

    (  ) (69  ..),
    (  ) (69  ..),
     (     ) (161-169),
    (    ) (209-212).

   ,       .  
     ,
  .  ,   "" 
 (161-180),   ""  (193-217).  
    .

         .   
  ,     ( ),
    .     [188],
[89], [20], [145]. ,  ,  
  .

   1)  (270-273  ..), 2)   (270-275), 3) 
(275-276), 4)  (275-276), 5)  (276), 6)  (276-282), 7)
 (282-284), 8)  (282-283), 9)  (283), 10)  (283-285),
11)  (283-284), 12)  (286-293), 13) 
(284-305), 14)  (293-296), 15)  (286-305), 16)
 I  (293-306,  ), 17)  (293-311,
 ), 18)  I  (305-311,  ), 19)
  (306-307), 20)  (305-311,  ), 21)
 (305-309), 22)     (306-313), 23) 
(307-312), 24)  (308-311), 25)  (306-324), 26) 
(308-324,  ), 27)  (313-324,  ), 28)
 I (306-337,  ), 29)  I (313-337,
 ), 30)  I (324-337,  ), 31)
 II (337-340), 32)  (337-350), 33)  II
(337-361,  ), 34)  II (340-361,  ),
35)  (350-353), 36)  (361-363), 37)  (363-364), 38)
 I (364-375), 39)  (364-378), 40)  (367-383,
 ), 41)  (378), 42)  (379-383, 
), 43)  II (375-392,  ), 44) 
II (379-392,  ), 45)   (383-388), 46) 
 (384-388), 47)       
(379-395), 48)  (392-394), 49)      
(395-408), 50)  (395-423), 51)  (407), 52)  II (407),
53)  III (407-411), 54)   (409-410, 
), 55)  (409-413), 56)  (410-413), 57)  
(414,  ,    ), 58) 
III (421), 59)  (423,  ), 60)  (423-425, 
), 61)  (423-444,  ), 62)  (423-438,
 ), 63)  III (423-455,  ), 64)
 III (437-455,  ), 65)  III
(444-455,  ), 66)   (455), 67) 
(455-456), 68)  (457-461), 69)  (456-472), 70) 
 (461-465), 71)  () (467-472), 72)  (472),
73)  (473-474), 74)  () (472-475), 75)  
(474)  (474-475 ?), 76)   (475-476), 77) 
(476-493), 78)   (493-526,  ), 79) 
 (497-526,  ).

     ,    , "", 
   1-2 .      
 . ,     ,   
,  ,    ..

   1.2.       .
                         330 .

          
 ,   - 
 .   ,   - 
  " ", ,     .
     " ",
     ,     
.

      "",   
 - (.  3),   
  .      
 ,     , ,
-  , -   . ,  
"  "    . 
       . 
  ,  .  
       , 
     
  (     
)     .

   )        
  .    - .  
,  ,  ,    
     : Restitutor Urbis  Restitutor
Orbis.

   )     ,
   . ,   
   .

   )   ,   
. -  ( )
    ( ).

   )    300   " ",
     " ".

      "a"   ,  "b" -
 .

********************************************************************

1a.  .
    1b.  .
------------------------------------------------------------------

1.1a.  .   : Restitutor Urbis,  
" ".         
 .   .
    ...........................................................
    1.1b.  .   : Restitutir
    Orbis,   " ", .  
             .  .
     ,  .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

1.2a.  .  -  , , ,
 [162], .2, .137-138.    
    [89].     
 "" ,    . .
 [23], .2, .137-138.   , 
      " " [162],
.2, .514,  61.
    ............................................................
    1.2b.  .  -  , 
      [20].
---------------------------------------------------------------------

1.3a.  .      
 [80],     .   
-      .    
[89], .197.
    ................................................................
    1.3b.  .       
     [89],     .    -
          .   
    [89].
--------------------------------------------------------------------

1.4a.  .        
 [89].       [162], .2.
    [89].
    ..............................................................
    1.4b.  .     . 
            
    III  ..      [89].
           
     [89].
--------------------------------------------------------------------

1.5a.  .      
    .  -  .  4
 (83-78   ..)  (82-78   ..).  
   83   .. [89], .197,  82 ,  
     [89], .197-202.
    ...............................................................
    1.5b.  .  ""   
      .     
    .  5  (270-275  ..) [89], [20], .15.
       .
*******************************************************************

2a.  .
    2b.  .
-----------------------------------------------------------------

2.1a.  .      
.   -    ..    :
     .    .
    .............................................................
    2.1b.  .    
       ,  . ,
     , .     :
      .     () .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2a.  .    1 : 78-77  
..  [89], .207-208.
    ............................................................
    2.2b.  .    1 : 275-276 
    ..  [89], .446-447.  .
********************************************************************

3a.   .
    3b. .
----------------------------------------------------------------

3.1a.  .        
   -  .   
 .      .
    ............................................................
    3.1b.  .      
      .    . 
       .
----------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2a.  .   6 : 78-72   .. [89],
.208-209.
    ...........................................................
    3.2b.  .   6 : 276-282  .. [89],
    .413.  .
****************************************************************

4a.  .
    4b.  .
----------------------------------------------------------------

4.1a.  .     72-71   ..
  ,  ,  .   
    -   .  -  
  .
    ...............................................................
    4.1b.  .     282-284  .. -
     .         - 
      .   -     ,
       .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

4.2a.  .   2 : 72-71   .. [89],
.215.
    ..........................................................
    4.2b.  .   2 :   282  
    284  .. [89], .647-648, [20],  15. 
    .
******************************************************************

5a.    ,   .
    5b.  ,   .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

5.1a.  .    70   ..   
 .  70       
[162], .2, .338.      
 [188], .1, .XI.    ""  
   .     
 " ",      
   [162], .2, .338.    ""
,        [208], .91,
N.34.
    ............................................................
    5.1b.  .    284  .. 
      [20].     
    "       -  "
    [89], .413.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

5.2a.  .  -      
.    ,  ,
    [89], .277.     
  [188], .1, .279.
    ..............................................................
    5.2b.  .  -    
       .   
     .   ,  ,
       [188], .2, .649  .  
         [89], .422-424.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

5.3a.  .   49   ..   
  .  -   .  .
    ...............................................................
    5.3b.  .   305  ..   
     [89], .424.   .  .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

5.4a.  .   21 : 70-49   .. [20].
    ...........................................................
    5.4b.  .   21 : 284-305  ..
     .
******************************************************************

6a.     .  .
    6b.     I . 
    .
----------------------------------------------------------------

6.1a.  . ) , )  , )  ,
) .       60   ..  
     .     
      -    
[89], .227.
    ..........................................................
    6.1b.  . ) , )  I , )
     , ) .    
       293  ..   
        .     
      -  I ,   
     [89], .420.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

6.2a.  .     ,   
    .     
    [89], .227.
    .............................................................
    6.2b.  .       
     .       
    I ,   .      
     .        
     [89].
--------------------------------------------------------------------

6.3a.  . ,      
      ,    
[89], .226-228.        ,
 .
    ................................................................
    6.3b.  . ,     
     I  (  )    
     ( ),     (
    ).     ,   
     I ,  .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

6.4a.  .       11
: 60-49   ..
    ...............................................................
    6.4b.  .     I
      11 : 293-305  ..  .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

   .  .6.3  " , 
 ,  ,   . . 
" [509], .1, .464.  .6.4  "" 
,  ,     [509],
.1, .565.        ,
          .
 ,  ,  ,   XVI-XVII   
" "     ,    
, "  ".

********************************************************************

7a.  .
    7b.  .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

7.1a.  .     49   ..
  ,  4 : 49-45   .. [89],
.244-247.        
.      [89],
.244-247.
    ................................................................
    7.1b.  .     305  ..
      ,  4 : 305-309  ..
    [188], [89].      I 
    (  )   .     
       I [188], .1, .330-332, [20], 
    12.   .
**********************************************************************

8a.  ,   .
    8b.  I ,   .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

8.1a.  .        
 ,   .  
  ,    ,  "
".  , ,    
[162], .3, .486-487.   ""   ""
,        -
 [208], .184, No.137.
    ................................................................
    8.1b.  .  I     
       ,     
    .    .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

8.2a.  .      19-
.     ,  
 .
    ................................................................
    8.2b.  .  I     
    20-  .   
    :  19  20.   I   
    ,       .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

8.3a.  .    1 : 45-44   ..
    ..............................................................
    8.3b.  .  I   1 : 305-306 
    .. ,   305     .
********************************************************************

9a.        -   
 ().
    9b.        -  
      I ().
--------------------------------------------------------------------

9.1a.  .    , 19- ,
 ,    ,    
  .       , 
   .
    ............................................................
    9.1b.  .    I    306
     ..,    20- , 
     I .    
    ,    .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

9.2a.  .      
   .     
   ,   .
    ............................................................
    9.2b.  .     
      I.     
       ,   I .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

9.3a.  .   ,   
      ,   
    .   :
         
   .
    ..............................................................
    9.3b.  .   , " 
          
    ...     " [89], .424.
      :       324 
     -     
       .  ,  
    ""      ,  
    .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

9.4a.  .      17
: 44-27   .. [188], .1, .346, 351-352, 424-425.
    ..............................................................
    9.4b.  .      18
    :  306-324  .. [89], .249-258, 289-291. 
    .
*********************************************************************

10a.     .   .
    10b.     .  
    .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

10.1a.  .       
     - . 
 "      " [89],
.259.    -       
 .   .
     ..............................................................
    10.1b.  .       I
         - . 
          III  .. [89],
    .429.   I  -     
     .   .  ,  .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

10.2a.  . ,  ,   
   .     .
         .
..............................................................
    10.2b.  .   I   
       ,     .
            
    .
----------------------------------------------------------------------

10.3a.  .      
 :   ,  ,   . 
     [145], .339. ,  
      .   : "
  ( ,  27   .. - ..)   
" [145], .339.
    ...............................................................
    10.3b.  .    I  
    ,  ,    , 
         .  I  
       [188], .1, .674. ,    
    ,   . , 
        I  
     [188], .2, .674.  ,   
     I      "
    ".    " ". 
          
    .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

10.4a.  .      
   ,     [145],
.339.     
.      ,   ""
   [188], .2, .408.
    ..............................................................
    10.4b.  . ,   I  
      ,     [188],
    .2, .668.     
    I   .    ,  
      " " [188], .2, .669.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

10.5a.  .       
 .     
    "    ". , 
       
[188], .2, .408.
    ...............................................................
    10.5b.  .      I  
     .       
         . " " -   
       I.    
     [89], .436, [56], .26.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

10.6a.  .   ,  
  (  )   . "   
        
" [188], .2, .408.     
 82  [188], .2.      
   : "     
  " [56], .25. ,   : " 
 "?  ,      
  (.  4),      
XIII-XIV  ..   -  .
    ................................................................
    10.6b.  .  I    
     - [56], .26.     
    " "     .  
       '   .
       .  
          . 
     I   , ,  [89], .436.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

10.7a.  .  27-    
  .      "
".
    ................................................................
    10.7b.  .  27-    I
        ,   .
           .. 
    [141].
---------------------------------------------------------------------

10.8a.  .   41   37 . , 
      .  27   .. 
23   ..  ,  23  -    
:    ,  ,
   [89], [145], .304.
    ................................................................
    10.8b.  .  I  31 .   
       .    : 306-337
     ..   .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

   .  .6.5  "" 
   ,    
[509], .1, .489.  .6.6  
""   I,   ,  
    [509], .1, .572.   
    .  ,   
,       "",
     .    XVI-XVII ,
  ,  " "    
   .

*********************************************************************

11a. .
    11b.  II.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

11.1a.  . "  ,   
...        " [188], .2,
.412.    .     
, ,   ,   " "
   ,  ,  .
    ................................................................
    11.1b.  .  I    ,
     "       
    " [89], .438.  ,    I
        .   I 
     ,   " ", 
     II,  ",   
      " [89], .438.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

11.2a.  .       
 [188], .2, .412.      - 
 " " [188], .2, .423.   , 
   .
    .............................................................
    11.2b.  .  II    I
    [89], .438.   II,   , " "
    [89], .440.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

11.3a.  .   23 : 14-37  ..
    ............................................................
    11.3b.  .  II  24 : 337-361 
    ..  .
********************************************************************

12a.     .  .
    12b.    II  . 
    .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

12.1a.  .      
 ,  6  .. [188], .2, .414.  - 
 .  -   [188], .2, .414. 
  ,     .
    ..............................................................
    12.1b.  .  II   
         ,  ,  337
     ..       
    [89], .439.  -   II [89].  II
     " "    [89].
--------------------------------------------------------------------

12.2a.  .      
     [188], .2, .414.   
  .        
.       
 [188], .2, .417.
    .................................................................
    12.2b.  .     
        [89].     ,
        .     
     .    II  
        [89], .439.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

12.3a.  .     ,  
. ,        
,       .
    ...............................................................
    12.3b.  .     
     [89].  II    , 
      ,     [89].
----------------------------------------------------------------------

12.4a.  . ""     13
: 6-19  ..
    ...............................................................
    12.4b.  .   II  
     13 : 337-350  ..  .
*********************************************************************

13a.   .
    13b.  .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

13.1a.  .      [188], .2.
, ,     - " ",
  " "     
   [89], .300, [188], .2, .423-424.
    ..............................................................
    13.1b.  .    .  
      . ,    
      .    
      " " [89].  
    "  ".   
    .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

13.2a.  .      [89], .301.
  .    , 
    "",  , , " ",
,        .
    ..............................................................
    13.2b.  .    ,  .  
    - . ,       [89],
    .441.        
      .        
      ,        (!)
    ,    [67], .69.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

13.3a.  .   4 : 37-41  ..
    .............................................................
    13.3b.  .   2 : 361-363  ..
     .
**********************************************************************

14a.    .    .
    14b.    .    .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

14.1a.  .  41 ,   ,  
   .    
[89], .301.
    .............................................................
    14.1b.  .  363 ,   ,  
       .   
     [89], .441.
----------------------------------------------------------------------

14.2a.  .     .
      [89], .301.
    ..............................................................
    14.2b.  .  ""   7 ,   
      ,         
    . ,        
    [89], .441, [20],  16.  ,  .
******************************************************************

15a. .
    15b.  I.
----------------------------------------------------------------

15.1a.  .   ,   ,
   .    
       
[89], .301.   -      
  .  -    [89], .301.
    ............................................................
    15.1b.  .  ,    
    ,   ,   
     I.      I, 
          
     [89], .442.   -     
      .   -   [89],
    .442.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

15.2a.  .    ,  
  ,    [89],
.301.      .
    .............................................................
    15.2b.  .    ,   
     ,    [89], .442.
         .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

15.3a.  .     
     [89].    
    .   
.        [89].  
 [89].
    .............................................................
    15.3b.  .  I  
      ,   .  
         .   
    "  " [89], .442.    I
     ,  "  " [89], .442.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

15.4a.  .   13 : 41-54 .
    ..............................................................
    15.4b.  .  I  11 : 364-375 .
     .
*******************************************************************

16a. ""      "":
, , .
    16b.   I    
    "":  I, , .
-----------------------------------------------------------------

16.1a.  .      
   :  1) , 2) , 3) . 
   "",  ,    
   -  (?)   (?).
       [188], .2, .426.
    ...............................................................
    16.1b.  .     
    :  1)  I, 2) , 3) .  I
     ""  :   
     ,   ,   367 ,  
     [89], .441-442.     : 
    - .         .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

16.2a.  . ""     
 13 .
    ..............................................................
    16.2b.  .   I  
     11 .  .
********************************************************************

17a.  (  ).
    17b. .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

17.1a.  .     
,   [188], .2, .789.   ,  
  , ,  
[188], .2, .431.       
 .      .
    ...............................................................
    17.1b.  .  " "   I 
    375 ,    ,  
    I.       ,  
    :  , , " ".  
    ,       
      [89].     
    [549], .7.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

17.2a.  .      
       " 65-
".       [188],
.2, .437.        
.       , 
  [188], .2.
    ...............................................................
    17.2b.  .      
       .    ,
      .    
     [89], .442.      
      .   ,  .
       [89].
----------------------------------------------------------------------

17.3a.  .      .
    -   " 
" [188], .2.    
  .     
    .
    ...............................................................
    17.3b.  .    . 
    ,     .   
         ("" 
    ) [141], .1.      
        [141],   , 
         .  "
    " -    "  ".
---------------------------------------------------------------------

17.4a.  .     
 . [89], .306.    ,  
. ,      .   
        
[188], .2, .438.     
  [89], .306.
    .............................................................
    17.4b.  .      
         376  [89], .443. 
       .       .
           
    ,    [188], .2, .443.  
        [188], .2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

17.5a.  .    , 
         [89],
.306.     ,    
.  ,       -  -
.       , . .   
     :     
[19].
    ..............................................................
    17.5b.  .     
      [188], .2, .443.  
     ,   [188], .2, .443. 
        -  I -  :
      .
---------------------------------------------------------------------

17.6a.  .   14 : 54-68 .
    ...............................................................
    17.6b.  .   14 : 364-378 .
     .
********************************************************************

18a. ""     .  .
    18b.     I  .
      I.
-------------------------------------------------------------------

18.1a.  .      
   :  1) , 2) , 3) . "
        
     " [188], .2, .430.  
        "", 
   [89], .305.   ,  
 , , ,  .
    ...............................................................
    18.1b.  .    : 1)
    , 2)  I, 3) .    
           I.
      -  .   ,    
    I    "" [20],  16.  
       . , ,   
    -  ,  .       
       .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

18.2a.  .     8 , 54-62
 [89], .305.        
 ,    54  65 .
    ...............................................................
    18.2b.  .     I
    11 : 364-375  [89]. ,  ,
            
    ,  367  378 .  .
************************************************************************

19a. ""   : 54-65 .
     19b.    : 367-378 .
--------------------------------------------------------------------
    11 .  .
**********************************************************************

20a.   .
    20b. .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

20.1a.  .     . 
       
[188], .2.
    ................................................................
    20.1b.  .    
    .   "  ",   
       [188], .2.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

20.2a.  .    1 : 68-69  [188],
.2, .789, [89], .208.
    ...............................................................
    20.2b.  .    1 : 363-364 
    [188], .2, .793.  .
********************************************************************

21a. .
    21b. .
-------------------------------------------------------------------

21.1a.  .   ,  69  
 .     1  [89], .309.
    ..............................................................
    21.1b.  .   ,  378  
     .  -   1  [89], .443.
     .
***********************************************************************

22a.    :      
  .
    22b.  (  )   II (
     ).
---------------------------------------------------------------------

22.1a.  .      . 
    [188], .2, .789, [89], .309-310.  "
"    12 , 69-81 ,  .
    .................................................................
    22.1b.  .     378 ,  
     II    . 
      .    -
    II  13 : 379-392  [188], .2, .793. 
    .
**********************************************************************

23a.   .
    23b.  I .
--------------------------------------------------------------------

23.1a.  .     "
".       ,  
   [89], .313.  , <<], .63.

   ,   "  "  
  .      .
"    ,    1758 , 
      " [4], .63.   
    . ,     1765 .
      ,   
        .  
      .    
.     ,       
        .  .
 "" [434].        
- " ".      .
    , -   
    , -    
 ?   ,   , - ""
       , -
       .

         . 
-      
  .  " "  
  .     ,   
   .     
    ,      , 
    .  ,   
   (   1756 ,
   1764  [4], .94).

   "      
      " [4], .61. 
     .    
       [4], .64.
<<